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Welcome to Unit 9- World Religions! We study different religious practices in order to understand one another. Many people have strong convictions, and it would be impossible to understand them without first understanding their beliefs. This unit will focus on five major world religions: Islam, Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism. These will be divided based upon polytheistic and monotheistic religions. Students will analyse the difference in beliefs from a historical stand point. They will learn of the origins of each religion and the traditions/beilefs each hold. This unit will celebrate the religious diversity within our school!





Geography and World Religions:
Unit Visual Vocabulary:
Unit Booklet Information:
Religions Info:
Compare/Contrast Graphic Organizer:







Hinduismexternal image hindu.jpg
Hinduism Foldable:
Hinduism Overview:

Buddhism external image amitabhabuddhaseated.jpg
Buddhism Activity:


Christianity: external image 220px-StJohnsAshfield_StainedGlass_GoodShepherd_Face.jpg
Reading:
Plague Activity:


Islam: external image 605islam.gif
5 Pilliars Activity:
Islam Foldable Info:


Judaism: external image 605judaism.gif
Reading:
Star of David Questions:

Jeopardy: Click Here!
Unit 9 Study Guide:



Aspect

Hinduism
Buddhism

Judaism

Christianity
Islam

Title

Hindus
Buddhists
Jews
Christians
Moslems
Belief System
Polytheistic
Polytheistic
Monotheistic
Monotheistic
Monotheistic
Nation of Origin
India
India
Mesopotamia
Middle East
Arabia
Language
Indian
Indian
Hebrew
Latin, English, Greek
Arabic
Symbol
Om
Wheel of Life (Samsara)
Star of David
The Cross, (crucifiction)
Crescent & Star
Founder & Time
No Founder - < 3,000 years old.
Siddhartha Guatama (563-483BC)
Abraham (Made covenant w/ G*d 3400 years ago– if Hebrews worship G*d, they will be the chosen people.
Jesus – Born in Bethlehem, Raised in Nazareth, Crucified in Jerusalem.
Muhammad (570-632)
Born in Mecca, driven to Medina (Hajira).
Sacred Texts
Upanishads, Mahabharata, & 4 Vedas
Sutras
1st 5 books of the Bible & Talmud
The Bible
Qu’ran or Koran
Major God(s)
Brahman, Vishnu, & Shiva. Atman = Essential self/Perfect understanding.
No rituals, Gods, or Priests. Enlightenment through meditation only
Yahweh, G*d
God
Allah
Place of Worship
Temple
Temple
Synagogue
Church
Mosgue
Clergy
Brahmins (Priestly Class)
Monks, Dalai Lama, no rituals, Gods, or Priests.
Rabbi
Priest, Preacher, Bishop, and Pope.
Prophet
Law


10 Commandments & Mishna (Rabbinic Law) Moses was a prophet given G*d’s Law. Torah.
10 Commandments. Moses was a prophet given God’s law.
No separation of Church and State – Theocracy. Sharia – Laws based on the Qu’ran. Moses was a prophet given God’s law.
Sacred Ideas
Cattle, Monkeys, Tree Squirrels, & some snakes. Ganges River & City of Varanasi. All Hindus are vegetarian. Daily declaration of prayer, pilgrimmage to places where Buddha traveled.
Trinity: Buddha, Dharma (teachings/laws), and Sangha (community of believers.
April 8: Buddha’s birth.
Dec 8: Buddha’s enlightenment.
Feb 15: Buddha’s Death.
Covenent b/w G*d and the Jewish people. Hannukkah, Passover, Bar/Bas Mitzvah, Zionism, Rosh Hashhanah (New Year), Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement). Jesus was just a man. Wailing Wall.
Sunday Worship, Golden Rule, Jesus died for man’s sins. Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Messiah. Disciples. Baptism, Communion (Eucharist) & Confirmation. Sunday, Christmas, Easter. Jesus was the Son of God.
Ablutions (washing of hands, face, and feet) before prayer, Muezzin (Call to Prayer), Minaret Towers, Friday Worship, Ramadan, Jihad (the effort of a good Muslim to preserve community). Jesus was a prophet.
Goal of Life
Moksha
Nirvana
A moral life through obedience to G*d’s law.
Salvation
Other World Paradise
Moral Code
Kharma (Actions) + Dharma (Religious and Moral Duty) = Reincarnation up or down.
4 Noble Truths & 8-Fold Path. Prayer, meditation, and ritual to achieve enlightenment.
A moral life through obedience to G*d’s law.
Faith, prayer.
5 Pillars: Creed, Prayer, Pilgrimage, Fasting, Zakat.
Attitude towards violence
Ahimsa
Ahimsa
10 Commandments
Golden Rule
10 Commandments
Golden Rule
Concept of Jihad – the effort of a good Muslim to preserve community. Context sometimes perverted.
Afterlife
Reincarnation based on moral code and Caste system:
Priests, Warriors, Merchants, Servants (Untouchables). Contact w/lower class requires ritual cleansing in the Ganges River.
Release from wheel of life and cycle of birth/rebirth. Union w/the universe.
Arrival of Messiah
Do not presume to know. Lead a good life and the afterlife will take care of itself.
Heaven/Hell
Pleasant based on reward and punishment
Sects
Caste System
Theraveda: Strict fundamentalists (monks).
Mahayana: Less strict observance - commoners
Orthodox / Conservative
Catholic, Protestant, hundreds of other groups and denominations.
Fundamentalist, Shi’ite (radical traditionalists), Sunni (Majority), Sufi (Mystics)
Members (# or %)

1/8 world population
17 Million – Diaspora has forced preservation through small, tightly knit communities.
<1 Billion – Complex doctrine and factional denominations make unity impossible.
Approx 750 Million – Simple doctrine is unifying.